PEOPLE
Josip Jurčič
Josip Jurčič is one of the ground-breaking authors in Slovenian literature. His novel The Tenth Brother is considered to be the first original novel in our cultural space. He wrote the novel so that Slovenes could enjoy creativity comparable to that of other rich artistic traditions. He drew on our own history and told stories about ordinary people. He started publishing very early, namely, at the age of seventeen while still in high school (The Tale of the White Snake). By far the most frequently translated work of this shrewd writer, namely, The Famous Goat Trial, captures readers with its lucid humour even today. He was our first professional journalist and editor. He left his biggest mark on the newspapers Slovenian Nation and Sudslawische Zeitung (which was published in Sisak). As his attempt to establish his own newspaper failed, only one issue of Glasnik was published in 1869.
In addition to Jurčič's printed works, the Manuscript Collection of the National and University Library also keeps his personal documents, manuscripts, correspondence with several famous people as well as some editorial and ephemeral material.

Valentin Vodnik
Valentin Vodnik (1758-1819) is considered to be the first Slovenian secular poet, but his areas of interest were so numerous that poetry represents only a small part of his oeuvre. As a journalist, he broke new ground with Lublanske novice (1797-1800), the first Slovenian newspaper, his contributions in the fields of geography, economics, geology and fiction (epigrams, enigmas) enriched the calendars of the Velika pratika (1795-1797) and the Mala pratika calendar (1798-1806), which he edited and contributed articles. As a schoolmaster, he advocated the introduction of the Slovenian language into schools, which he succeeded during the Illyrian provinces with his work Gramatika za perve šole (Grammar for Primary Schools). He was retired early by the restored Austrian government because of his support to Napoleon (Ilirija oživljena /Illyria revived/). The collection comprises digital copies of works by this poet, translator, linguist, teacher, journalist and editor; the original material that also includes earlier newspaper articles on Vodnik, his portraits, his poems set to music, and some more recent studies on his life and work, are kept in NUK and the Ljubljana City Library.

Johann Weichard Valvasor

Cartographer, geographer, historian, writer, polyhistor, publisher, and collector Johann Weichard Valvasor (1641–1693) published a monumental cultural-historical topographical encyclopedia of Carniola in Nuremberg in 1689 with the title Die Ehre Dess Hertzogthums Crain. With the help of his colleagues, he collected numerous historical, ethnographic, naturalistic, and other information, which are still an invaluable source for the history of present-day Slovenian territory, while the huge costs of this long-standing project pushed him to the brink of survival. In his copperplate-printing workshop at the Bogenšperk castle and in collaboration with various illustrators and printers, including Johann Baptist Mayr from Ljubljana, he also published several topographies, collections of vedutas and maps of Carniola, Carinthia, Karst, and Istria, as well as some other books, such as a verified moral-didactic work Theatrum Mortis Humanae tripartitum. He was elected a member of the Royal Society of London in 1687 because of his resounding study on the functioning of the intermittent Cerknica Lake.


Sigmund von Herberstein
Diplomat and travel writer Baron Sigmund von Herberstein (1486–1566) became a member of the imperial council in 1515, and in the same year started his long and successful diplomatic career. By 1553, he had made almost seventy trips abroad, mainly to Switzerland and Spain, and to Denmark, Bohemia, and Hungary. Between 1516 and 1526, he visited the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Moscow on several occasions and became ambassador to the Moscow Grand Duke Vasily III. Ivanovich. In 1541, he successfully concluded negotiations on a ceasefire with the Ottoman Sultan Sulejman. He was proud of his knowledge of the Slovene language. More than once he emphasized that knowledge of the Slovene language has been an advantage in his diplomatic endeavours.
The collection presents Herberstein's works from the collections of NUL, the Ivan Potrč Library, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Slovenia, and other collections. It includes the famous Moscow notes, other travelogues and memories written or published during Herberstein's life, studies dealing with his life and work, and his portrait.

Jakob Špicar
Jakob Špicar was a Slovenian folk playwright, theatre actor and organizer, director and translator. He was born on October 27, 1884 in Skočidol (Zgornji Rož, Gottestal in German) in Carinthia, and died on February 17, 1970 in Ljubljana. In 1905 he founded the Sloga Association in Podravlje and revived the tradition of Slovenian folk plays in Carinthia. He successfully run the Sokol stage both in Jesenice and Radovljica. He wrote mainly for the Carinthian newspapers (Mir) and later for other liberal Slovenian periodicals. On his initiative, a theatre association was founded in Jesenice in 1910, of which he was the president, and since 1912 an honorary member. He wrote around 80 theatre plays and scenes. He published them in the magazines Mir and Mladi rod, and also as radio plays. His most important works are the adaptations of the literary texts Miklova Zala (J. Sket) and Bukvice od Matjaž (A. Šuster-Drabosnjak) to dramatic form. Many of his works are territorially and thematically situated in the Carinthian region. He was a good friend of the Slovenes of Carinthia and was constantly involved in the struggle for their rights.

Aleksander Videčnik
Aleksander Jakob Videčnik, a senior administrative officer and a retired director of the Celje City Savings Bank (Celjska mestna hranilnica), was born on 11 December 1920 in Celje. He studied the system of cooperative societies and saving banks, especially the work of Mihael Vošnjak and the cultural history of the Upper Savinja Valley. He began writing and publishing in his early life. After arriving in Mozirje in 1977, he continued to write articles for the Celje local newspaper. He became secretary of the Mozirje Tourist Association and was the editor of the local newspaper Savinjske novice and an active member and president of the Mozirje Cultural Association. He was awarded several national decorations, such as the Medal of Labour (1960), the Order of Labour with Silver Wreath (1988), and the Order for Merits of the Republic of Slovenia (2002). In 2013, the Public Fund for Cultural Activities of Slovenia (JSKD) bestowed him the silver reward for his lifetime contribution in preserving and studying the rich cultural heritage and folk tradition of the Upper Savinja Valley.
Resumed after: Roman Mežnar: Aleksander Videčnik, Celjskozasavski.si Photo: Vlado Lamut

Johann Ludwig Schönleben
Theologian and historian Johann Ludwig Shönleben (1618–1681) was the author of numerous orations, theological works, sermons, historical works, genealogies of Carniolan noble families, as well as philosophical works and plays. He was also among the initiators of Mayr's Ljubljana printing press. Among his most important historical works are Aemona vindicata (Salzburg: Haan, 1674) and Carniolia Antiqua et Nova (Ljubljana: Mayr, 1680–1681), which comprises a chronicle of Carniolan territory from the late antiquity until the year 1000. Schönleben invited Johann Wiechard Valvasor to help him with the chronicle's preparation and their cooperation later resulted in one of the most important works of Slovenian historiography – Valvasor's Die Ehre dess Hertzogthums Crain. He is known as one of the first librarians whose catalogs have been preserved to this day. Namely, he was in charge of editing the Ljubljana library collection of the provincial governor Wolf Engelbert count Auersperg.
The collection contains Schönleben's works from the National and University Library, and the Ljubljana City Library that were suitable for digitization.

Baron Jurij Vega
The collection is a digital monument to Baron Jurij Vega (1754-1802), a Slovenian diverse scientist whose theories and inventions often influenced the course of world history. Although he was born poor, he became a cosmopolitan and scientist: he excelled especially in mathematics and mathematical sciences and was esteemed for his inventions in the field of physics and engagement in the field of ballistics, astronomy, etc.
In Slovenia, he is widely known for his logarithmic tables published in 1783 Logarithmische, trigonometrische, und andere zum Gebrauche der Mathematik eingerichtete Tafeln und Formeln which in addition to other contents includes Vega’s improved calculation of logarithms.
His fundamental works (logarithms, manuals) have been digitized between 2006 and 2008 under DIZZIS – Razvoj digitalne zbirke znanstveno-raziskovalnih in strokovnih publikacij project. The experts of the Institute for Mathematics and Physics in Ljubljana, the Slovenian Research Agency, and the National and University Library of Slovenia have contributed some recent scientific articles.

Josipina: Vicinity of remoteness
Josipina Turnograjska (1833 - 1854) was an extremely talented, exceptionally well educated and broad-minded woman. She wrote more than thirty stories and was the first to deal with the subject of Veronika Deseniška. However, only a few of her poems are preserved. She was a good piano player and a composer as well. She published her works in the Slovenska bčela monthly and the Zora newspaper. Before the age of twenty, she was already known and respected; her works were translated into some other Slavic languages beyond the borders of the Hapsburg monarchy. She wrote only in the Slovenian language.
Josipina Urbančič and Lovro Toman - at that time he was a law student, met in August 1850, and in autumn, when Lovro returned to Graz, they began to exchange letters. They soon confessed love for each other. Their passionate correspondence provoked gossip in Preddvor, Kranj, and Ljubljana. Some people were so curious that they opened the letters and many had been lost. Lovro and Josipina were married on 22 September 1853. The family moved to Graz. Josipina Turnograjska, the first Slovenian female poet and writer, died there on June 1, 1854.