ARTS
Compositions of Vladimir Lovec
Vladimir Lovec (1922–1992) was a composer and a conductor who also worked as a music critic and a publicist. He finished his studies of composition and conducting at the Academy of Music in Ljubljana under the mentorship of professors Lucijan M. Škerjanc and Danilo Švara respectively. The many carefully planned activities with regard to his 100th birth anniversary show just how strongly he influenced the younger generations of musicians who had the chance of knowing him either as a professor and the principal of the Music School Koper or as a conductor of the Orchestra of the Centre for Music Education Koper for which he wrote his Concertino for Flute and Piano. The Music Collection of the National and University Library preserves the complete legacy of Vladimir Lovec, donated to the Library by his wife Zdenka Lovec and by the Centre for Music Education Koper in 1993. The inventory of the composer’s documentary material is available in the collection Zapuščina skladatelja Vladimirja Lovca, while this digital collection contains the autographs of his original compositions and his music that was published by the Editions of the Society of Slovene Composers.

The collection of bookplates of Beti and Dagmar Nováček
In Slovenia, the tradition of bookplates, symbols of ownership that are usually printed and carry the owners name and an artistic motif, is quite old. One of the oldest preserved bookplates on Slovenian ground is a bookplate from 1540 that belonged to a Carniolan noble family Apfaltrern. It is carried by the Seminary Library of Ljubljana. Bookplates were growing ever more popular from the beginning of the 20th century. The most prominent bookplate makers of this era were painters S. Šantel, I. Vavpotič, M. Gaspari, G. Birolla, H. Smrekar, B. Jakac, and M. Maleš. In the following decades, many more Slovenian artists began dealing with this form. Their enthusiasm culminated in the foundation of the Exlibris Sloveniae Society in 1967.
Yet, bookplates were not of interest only to their owners or the artists making them, but also to collectors. Dagmar Nováček, the first and later on the honorary president of the Exlibris Sloveniae Society, and her sister Beti are considered to be the greatest collectors of bookplates in ex-Yugoslavia. In this digital collection we present a part of their collection that was donated to the National and University Library.

The Four Seasons
In the digital collection before you we present a series of photographs by Fran Krašovec (1892-1969), called The Four Seasons. Krašovec is considered to be one of the most creative Slovenian amateur photographers. He began dealing with photography before World War I. One could say that his work represents a link between photographers of this early period with generations of photographers that came after World War I end even World War II. He was given multiple awards and published his work in newspapers and magazines, such as Mladika, Jutro and Življenje in svet.
The photographs that comprise The Four Seasons were taken after World War II and represent one of the peaks in Krašovec’s career. In his series, divided into four segments of approximately 250 black and white photographs, Krašovec depicted the architectural and urbanistic heritage of the city of Ljubljana, the landscapes of its surrounding areas, and the lives of people living in this and other Slovenian regions. Thus, The Four Seasons series has both artistic and documentary value.

Photographs of Anton Vilar Snr.
Anton Vilar Snr. (1884-1953) was a highly talented all-rounder. He was active as a composer, organ player, and choirmaster, and is also considered to be the pioneer of photography in the Logatec region. He was dealing with photography professionally throughout all of his adult life. In 1907, he opened a large glass-built photographic studio alongside his newly built Art Nouveau villa in the city of Logatec.
Anton Vilar dedicated himself mostly to portrait photography that included both individual and group portraits. In his work, he liked to use backdrops. As electricity arrived in Logatec as late as the 1920s, many of his photographs were taken in broad daylight that he adjusted with the use of curtains. He was also keen on retouching his photographs. Besides taking portraits, Anton Vilar loved photographing landscapes and documenting cultural events and architectural heritage of Logatec and other places in the Primorska region.\nIn this collection, we present 629 of Vilar’s photographs that are preserved by the National and University Library in Ljubljana.

Photographs of Peter Naglič
Peter Naglič (1883-1959) was a successful entrepreneur who kept up many hobbies: he enjoyed mountaineering, was active in local sports and cultural societies, went on pilgrimages, dealt with petrography, and was highly interested in technical novelties. But his greatest passion was photography that took up most of his free time. He began dealing with photography in 1899 and, during his life as an amateur photographer, managed to produce more than 10000 glass and celluloid negatives.
Peter Naglič also kept up a detailed list of his photographs which includes the data on the time and place where they were taken and a short description of what is depicted. His negatives can be divided into groups of portrait, landscape, architectural, and documentary photography. In this collection, we present 428 glass negatives that depict the lives of soldiers and war prisoners during World War I in Vrhnika and at Ljubljana castle, cultural and entrepreneurial events in the Kamnik region, architectural heritage and landscapes of the same region, and the everyday life in villages around the city of Kamnik.

Compositions of Josip Ipavec
Josip Ipavec (1873-1921), the youngest of the composers from the famous Ipavec family of doctors and musicians, began composing music as a secondary school pupil. As a student, he devoted himself mostly to a solo song, while the last of his works was an operetta, called Prinzessin Tollkopf.
During his life, only five of his compositions were printed. With his pantomime Hampelmännchen (1901), the piano version of which contained stage directions was given both Slovenian and German covers, Josip Ipavec became known as the composer of the first Slovenian ballet. One of his compositions, the men’s chorus Imel sem ljubi dve, became especially popular and has thus been reprinted in many songbooks. Many compositions of Josip Ipavec were initially left as manuscripts. Some of them were lost.
In 2021, the year dedicated to Josip Ipavec, we established a digital collection consisting of the composer’s handwritten music, study notes, and the original libretto for his operetta, as well as the many transcriptions of his compositions. The composer’s manuscripts were sourced from his legacy, obtained by the National and University Library in the years 1964 and 1991.

Igor Krivokapič the composer : a collection of music scores and audio recordings
Igor Krivokapič belongs to the middle generation of Slovenian composers. During the last thirty years, he has composed numerous compositions for various musical groups and attracted renowned Slovenian musicians to perform them. His large orchestral ensembles include four symphonies, three concerts, and music for brass orchestra. He pays special attention to the selection and testing of less recognizable and even overlooked musical instruments, thus fulfilling his mission, which is reflected in his many chamber compositions. He revived the helicon trumpet once used by cavalry, and he encouraged the creation of a family of these instruments, which he also successfully teaches as a professor at the Conservatory of Music and Ballet in Ljubljana. As a contemporary composer, he believes in the ancient roots of musical language - through generations, on the level of the unconscious, they continue into the future in his work as well. The future is guaranteed due to his careful and responsible attitude towards musical record, and willingness to exhibit his compositions without any restriction.

Hren's Choirbooks
Tomaž Hren (1560-1630), the Bishop of Ljubljana, was the leading person in Carniola during the Anti Reformation period. His duty was to carry out ecclesiastical reform in the spirit of the Tridentine Council. He ordered the destruction of Protestant books, with the Pope's permission he preserved only the Dalmatin Bible; he was aware of the power of the vernacular language in the strengthening of religion. He worked to set up a printing house in Ljubljana. The texts in the Slovenian language that he approved were solely of a Catholic religious nature, and he edited and reviewed them himself. He financially supported many\nartists, especially musicians dealing with liturgical music. Hren’s choir books represent a selection of a diverse liturgical works that were popular in the Inner Austria - masses, magnifiers, litanies, psalms, hymns, Marian antiphons and short chants. Compositions in the Hren’s choir books were mostly created by Italians from Venice and other northern Italian regions. There are five\ndifferent writings in the books: three intertwine, indicating the existence of a workshop in Graz where the main writer Georg Kuglmann came from, while according the other two scripts it can be assumed that the compendium was not entirely transcribed in one place.

Jakopič Pavilion: Exhibition Catalogues
The Jakopič Pavilion is a former gallery at the entrance to the Latterman tree-lined avenue in the Ljubljana Tivoli Park; it was built in 1908 by Rihard Jakopič at his own expense. Maks Fabiani made plans free of charge, and the city of Ljubljana contributed land (by renting it at a symbolic price). The pavilion was inspired by the Vienna Art Nouveau movement. It had a lobby with a large hall, on the left there was a room for permanent exhibitions and a small studio, and a drawing and painting school on the right of the entrance. This was the first purpose-built art exhibition site in Slovenia and, until the Second World War, the pavilion was the main exhibition centre of the Slovenian contemporary fine arts. The building was officially inaugurated on 12 June 1909 with the 3rd Slovenian Art Exhibition, which presented 172 paintings and 20 statues of 22 artists. The following year, Jakopič organised a survey exhibition titled 80 Years of Visual Arts in the Slovenian Lands. In 1923, the pavilion was bought by the city and donated to the National Gallery society. The pavilion was renovated in 1954, but it was demolished in the winter of 1961/1962 due to the construction of a railway line.

Glasbena matica
By publishing "good Slovenian compositions for church, school and home”, the Cultural Society Glasbena Matica, founded in 1872, had fulfilled its objective to spread singing and to educate a huge number of amateur singers. It began publishing Slovenian songs and collecting folk songs, in 1882 it founded a music school, in 1891 a choir, and began its concert activity. The first Slovenian Philharmonic Orchestra which functioned between 1908 and 1913, and the Orchestral Society, founded in 1919, fulfilled the wishes of the society members to establish a concert orchestra. By setting up the conservatory in 1919, Glasbena matica achieved its most important goal - to provide music education for professional musicians. By the end of the Second World War, almost Slovenian three hundred works of sheet music had been published by Glasbena Matica. The works - collections of vocal compositions, arrangements of folk songs for men and mixed choirs, were intended mainly for amateur singing and performing musical works. In the years between the two world wars, several solo songs and piano compositions for youth were printed, as well as textbooks for piano, violin and singing.

Archive of photograph chronicler Fran Vesel
Fran Vesel was a collector of cultural and historical material, and one of the best Slovenian amateur photographers. For many years, he was also a committee member of the National Gallery and was very active in the Ljubljana Probuda art school.
He was renowned for his irresistible passion for collecting: in his house in Ljubljana he had a rich library, many valuable books and first editions of the Slovenian modernist authors as well as numerous reproductions, paintings and sculptures, book drafts and designs, and in particular, originals of the Slovenian artists. He collected biographical material, the material of art exhibitions and art associations, on architecture, monuments, sculptures, manuscripts of the Slovenian writers, and the like. Vesel’s legacy is kept at the National and University Library’s Manuscripts Collection. He personally knew many Slovenian modernists. Vesel took photos of Ivan Cankar several times and his photos are the best taken of the writer. He collected thousands of photographic plates with snapshots of Slovenian important people. His collections were the largest private archive of Slovenian cultural history.

Marjan Kukec's portrait photographs
In 2009, the Map and Pictoral Collection at the National and University Library of Slovenia bought 288 portrait photos of the most important Slovenian poets of the 20th century photographed by Marjan Kukec. Photos were taken between 1974 and 1981, when the Slovenska matica published France Pibernik’s books Med tradicijo in modernizmom (Between Tradition and Modernism (1978), and Med modernizmom in avantgardo – pričevanja o sodobni poeziji (Between Modernism and Avantgarde - Testimonies on Contemporary Poetry (1981).
Marjan Kukec (1933-2019) was a painter, graphic artist, art teacher, photographer. He was a student of Evgen Sajovic, Božidar Jakac, and Marij Pregelj. He mastered several art techniques. His works are distinguished by a clear concept and carefully planned interpretation.
In 2008, the Photographic Association of Slovenia awarded Kukec with the Janez Puhar Prize for his life’s work. He is a master of portrait photography. His photos reveal his clear conceptual approach to photography, and the ability to observe in-depth a portrayed person.